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If I recall, it was back in the third century A.D. that leading rabbis decided that Jews should not attempt to return to the old land until the Messiah comes. This decision became part of Orthodox Judaism until the Zionist movement broke with classical Judaism by returning before the arrival of their Messiah.
Nonetheless, the majority of world Jewry has held to this principle. Most Jews are not Zionists, and this is a big reason why most Jews have not emigrated to the Jewish state. For this reason, I have been careful to distinguish between Jews and Zionists. Those who fail to make such distinctions are easily drawn into the trap of stereotyping.
Anti-Zionist Jews do not support the state of Israel, and many do not support the present war against Palestinians. Last weekend, they held a large demonstration in New York City at Grand Central Station.
Here in New York, thousands of people, led by Jewish Voice for Peace, converged at Grand Central Station for the largest sit-in protest the city has seen in over two decades. Among the massive crowd were elected officials, rabbis and academics. NYPD arrested over 300 people. Before she was arrested, Democracy Now! spoke with Rosalind Petchesky, professor of political science at Hunter College.
Rosalind Petchesky: “We believe in justice and the right to live for everyone. But Palestinians have been the victims of oppression for 75 years, and it has to stop. That’s why we’re here, to say 'Not in our name.' I am older than the state of Israel.”
Another anti-Zionist group, founded in 1938, is called Neturei Karta, “Guardians of the City.” The Wikipedia says this about them:
Neturei Karta (Aramaic: נָטוֹרֵי קַרְתָּא nāṭōrēy qartāʾ, lit. 'Guardians of the City') is a fringe religious group of Haredi Jews that was founded in Jerusalem in 1938 after splitting off from Agudat Yisrael. It is an active opponent of Zionism and advocates a "peaceful dismantling" of the State of Israel under the belief that the Jewish people are strictly forbidden from re-establishing sovereignty in the Land of Israel until the arrival of the Messiah. To this end, the group's members believe that the existence of a Jewish state is a rebellion against God as it did not occur with divine intervention through the Messiah.
The point is that one cannot assume that all Jews are Zionists or that they all naturally support the existence of the state of Israel. There are many factions that are anti-Zionist, and, in my view, these will be spared from the destruction that will surely come.
Zionism is the modern expression of the spirit of Edom. However, one can no longer distinguish Edom from Judah by tracing genealogy. The Edomite factor, in my view, is today expressed on a spiritual or ideological basis, rather than through biology.
Of course, the New Testament presents us with the establishment of a new identity altogether in Jesus’ statement, “You must be born again” (John 3:7). It should actually read, “You must be begotten from above,” indicating that we all need a new Father in order to see the Kingdom of God. To be begotten by an earthly father links us to Adam, the first sinner, whose mortality was passed down to succeeding generations. To be begotten by God through the agency of the Holy Spirit gives us a new identity that transcends physical genealogy and earthly ethnicity. Hence, in this new Kingdom order, “there is neither Jew nor Greek” (Galatians 3:28).
The new order creates “one new man” (Ephesians 2:15), unifying all ethnicities under Christ, all being equally sons of God, “who were born, not of bloodline nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God” (John 1:13). This is the provision of the New Covenant, which is based on the will of God and His oaths, swearing to make it happen.
Few people have any serious understanding of this—even Christians—because most do not know the difference between the two covenants. The Old Covenant is man’s vow to God and is based on the will of man; the New Covenant is God’s vow to man and is based on the will of God. The Old Covenant applies the law to govern the flesh and to regulate its behavior; but in the New Covenant God’s Spirit works within the heart to change our nature so that our behavior changes automatically.